What can i plant in january

Can You Plant Any Flowers or Vegetables in January?

January isn't thought of as a prime gardening month in many areas, but gardeners in frost-free locales know that it's the perfect time for cool-season vegetables and flowers. Even in frost-free areas, January can still be a complicated month for gardeners. It might be warm enough to direct sow much of your garden, but with sometimes unpredictable winter weather, it is always a gamble. You would be wise to keep your row covers handy, just in case.

If you garden in a climate with long, frozen winters, your only problem will be summoning the patience to resist starting your seeds too early. Shop for your seeds and get your supplies in order. Your planting season is not far away.

Sudden storms and an unpredictable season make it difficult to know just when to start your vegetable and flower seeds in spring. Below are some guidelines based on USDA hardiness zones and the last expected frost date. Remember, however, that hardiness zones are just a measure of the highest and lowest average temperatures. Weather and growing conditions can vary widely within zones. As always, sure to use your common sense and gardener instinct.

12 Best Plants to Grow in January

There's nothing like the start of a new year to plant a fresh spring garden that promises vibrant bulbs and fresh produce at the end of a chilly winter. January is a great time to begin planting for outdoor gardens, particularly in warmer climates, while the coldest climates in the U.S. should hold out until the last major frosts have struck. Choose slow-germinating perennials, cold-tolerant annuals, and landscaping shrubbery for January planting.

Where it's still snowing, stick to indoor plants and greenhouse projects. January is also the perfect time to start planning out the garden and buying seeds. There is always a limited supply of seeds each year, so it's best to purchase early so you don't miss out on the best varieties. If you plant the right seeds, you'll even get to enjoy some blooms throughout the winter.

      If colder climates constrain planting abilities in January, consider a greenhouse. Most plants can be seeded in a garden shed and transplanted in early spring to the garden after the last freeze of the season. If spring isn't coming soon enough, then forcing bulbs is a great technique that doesn't even require being outside. “Forcing bulbs” means tricking bulb florals like tulips, hyacintha, and orchids into thinking that spring has come early by potting them indoors and giving them lots of natural light. Fragrant florals will abound a few weeks later, so plan accordingly. It's best to check with your local nursery to find which varieties plant best in January in your area as every climate and locale are different. Happy planting!



      Pernilla Hed

      Potted amaryllis is the perfect pop of color needed in dull winters, and it weathers beautifully indoors or in a greenhouse during the colder months. Depending on your climate and the variety, amaryllis will bloom approximately 5 to 8 weeks after planting, so these do take a bit of patience to grow.



      Jacky Parker

      Hellebore is an easy-to-grow, colorful perennial that will actually bloom in winter, and it looks fantastic in arrangements. Varieties range from green and white to mauve, crimson, and even dark purple. Floret Farms recommends planting them in rich, organic soil and placing them as borders around shrubs and trees.


      Beans and Peas


      Peas such as snap, snow, and English peas are sturdy and can handle most cold temperatures. Fava beans are another fantastic hardy option that can be planted in January.



      Getty Images

      Paperwhite narcissus is a cult classic among gardeners and florists alike. They are another bloom to bring indoors or in a greenhouse for the winter months to force blooms early. These can be grown in a bulb vase to show roots or potted in a planter.



      David Burton

      Greens such as lettuce, chard, and arugula can be planted throughout the winter, but make sure to research which best suits your climate during cold weather months.



      P A Thompson

      Snowdrops are one of the heartiest blooms around, even producing buds when snow blankets the ground. They are small, delicate plants that look lovely planted in bunches to create borders.



      Matilda Lindeblad

      Asparagus's peak season is early spring, so plant them in early January for the best results. The roots of asparagus are very fragile, so make sure to keep the bed free of weeds and sharp digging tools.




      Wishing spring would come early? Daffodils are another great bulb to plant indoors and will add a pop of color to the dining table when the weather is gloomy.



      DEA/M. CERRI

      Peonies are often planted in late autumn, but those living in warmer climates that rarely encounter major frosts can plant them in winter.



      Danita Delimont

      Sturdier varieties of kale, like White Russian, can be planted in more mild climates in January, but they can also be started as seedling in a greenhouse to transplant in early spring.


      Root Vegatables

      Johner Images

      Root vegetables such as carrots, turnips, radishes, and parsnips can be planted in January all the way through early spring and make wonderful winter soups.




      If you can work the soil in January, then you can plant potatoes. They require well draining, loose soil, and lots of sunlight and are a great crop for beginners. Potatoes have a habit of adapting to any condition or climate and can produce a successful crop without much worry.

      What to plant for seedlings in January in the Moscow region, the Middle lane, Siberia, the Urals

      Good day to all readers!

      After the New Year holidays, gardeners start planting chores. After all, it is in January that it is necessary to plant seedlings of crops with a long growing season. You need to start by buying seeds and soil. It is desirable to know the list of fruit and flowering plants for which early planting is recommended. The quantity and quality of the future harvest, the timing of flowering will largely depend on this. nine0003

      When buying seed material, pay attention to the shelf life, stores often sell leftover seeds at attractive prices. But keep in mind that fresh seeds have a higher germination rate.

      Pros and cons of early planting

      Early planting of seeds has its advantages. Gardeners consider the following factors to be the primary pluses:

      1. The opportunity to get an earlier harvest of vegetables and early flowering of ornamental crops.
      2. Low chance of morbidity. Such seedlings are stronger and more resistant to adverse factors. nine0014
      3. Opportunity to independently grow rare varieties of plants that are difficult to cultivate.
      4. Reduced growing costs due to no need to buy seedlings.

      You need to decide in advance on the list of crops you need. The conditional disadvantages of early planting include:

      • a certain laboriousness of the process and the associated time costs;
      • availability of large areas for containers with seedlings;
      • individual growing conditions for different crops; nine0014
      • the need to provide additional lighting during short daylight hours.

      Taking into account all the accumulated information and feedback from experienced gardeners, we can conclude that early planting of seeds for seedlings is still worth doing.

      Note! Following certain rules and a competent approach will more than recoup all the effort and money spent. The end result of your work will surely please you.

      What vegetables to plant in January for seedlings

      To get an earlier harvest in January, it is recommended to plant the following vegetable and berry crops for seedlings:

      1. Pepper. Mid-season and late varieties are subject to planting. Before planting, the seeds are dressed and soaked in warm water. Sowing can be done in common boxes with a depth of approximately 5 cm. When the first pair of true leaves appears, the plants dive into individual cups.
      2. Eggplant . These delicious vegetables bring a lot of benefits, they should definitely be grown in your backyard. If you plant them for seedlings in January, by May you will be able to get developed strong plants. nine0014
      3. Tomatoes. This is a rather heat-loving crop with a long vegetative period. In the case when it is planted in January, at the time of transplanting into the greenhouse, tomato bushes will already have buds and flowers. Only for southern regions or heated greenhouses.
      4. Celery . In our climate, it will not be possible to grow this plant in a seedless way, since it takes about 160 days for a full vegetation cycle. Sowing it in January, you can get a timely desired harvest. Sowing seeds should be done in a soil mixture consisting of equal parts of sand and universal soil. nine0014
      5. Leek . This crop also requires a seedling planting method. After soaking the seeds for half an hour in warm water, then they are wrapped in a damp cloth and kept in this form for several days. This allows you to speed up the emergence of seedlings. The seeding depth should be approx. 1 cm.
      6. Strawberries. Her remontant varieties germinate well at home from seeds. The seed is first soaked and then slightly dried. Sow the seeds in a mixture of sand and universal soil, composed in equal proportions. The soil layer should be approximately equal to 3 centimeters. nine0014
      7. Strawberries . Her seedlings are prepared in the same way as strawberry seedlings. When planted in January, the harvest can be obtained in July-August of the current year. For successful germination, the air temperature should approach 25 degrees Celsius, so it is better to place the seedling box as close to the battery as possible.

      Seed germination can reach 10-15 days in some crops. It should be borne in mind that until the moment of germination, the soil must be kept constantly moist. The landing box must have drainage holes. After sowing the seeds, the soil is slightly compacted. Watering is desirable to produce warm water (26-28 degrees), you can add a few crystals of potassium permanganate to it. Seedlings are dived when 3-4 true leaves appear on the seedlings. nine0003

      What flowers to plant in January for seedlings

      Annual and perennial flowers are also planted in seedlings. This makes it possible to get exactly the plants you want. It is not always possible to find ready-made seedlings of flower crops of the desired variety, and it costs much more than seeds. In order to quickly get flowering plants in your summer cottage, in January it is recommended to plant the following flowers for seedlings:


      The best way out is to buy seeds in granules. nine0003

      Seedlings will appear 2 weeks after sowing, from this moment it is desirable to reduce the day and night temperatures. During the day, the indicators should not exceed 20 degrees, and at night they should be reduced to 16 degrees. To obtain high-quality seedlings, it is necessary to organize additional lighting.

      When to plant petunias for seedlings


      The period from sowing to the first flowering is 70-80 days. Lobelia seedlings are considered capricious and may die if their requirements are not met. One of the conditions for the successful cultivation of seedlings in January is the backlight. If it is not possible to organize it, it is better to shift the landing dates to February. nine0003

      Shoots appear unevenly. Mass germination can be observed only 10 days after sowing the seeds. Most tender seedlings die at the stage of cotyledon formation - this is normal for lobelia. The best planting result can be obtained in plastic transparent containers with a lid and many holes.

      Shabo carnation

      This crop blooms 150 days after planting, which is the reason for its early planting in seedlings. By the beginning of summer, you can already admire its bright inflorescences. The soil mixture is prepared from soddy land, peat, humus and sand. All lumps of soil must be crushed to a powdery state. The soil should be nutritious and loose. nine0003

      Seedlings sold in flower shops are ideal for planting. The height of the container should be no more than 6 cm, it is necessary to provide drainage holes. Before planting, it is advisable to soak the seeds in a growth stimulator solution. Germination temperature - 23-25 ​​degrees.


      This plant is sown in January-March. The sooner you want to see primroses bloom, the sooner you need to plant seedlings. For good germination, seeds should be as fresh as possible (July-August of the previous year). nine0003

      It is desirable that the soil for planting be fertile and loose, but you can limit yourself to the usual substrate for flowering plants, bought in a store. Before planting in the ground, be sure to add perlite and vermiculite in equal parts. Their joint volume should reach 20-30% of the total mixture.

      The seeds are not embedded in the ground, but left on the surface. After that, it is recommended to lay a layer of snow up to 2 cm thick in the container. During melting, it will pull small seeds to the desired depth. It is advisable to keep the container with plantings in a cold place for up to 2 weeks - this contributes to better seed germination. nine0003


      Very showy flower. Like a big bouquet of roses. But in order to get powerful flowering, you need to sow eustoma seedlings very early. From germination to flowering can take from 150 to 200 days. And this beauty definitely needs constant illumination throughout the entire period of seedling growth. Just turning on the lamps in the morning and evening is not enough. Illumination should be at least 12-14 hours a day.

      Be sure to pay attention to careful watering. Tender leaves cannot stand when drops of water remain on them. They can get sick and rot. Therefore, it is imperative to water only the soil, under the spine. And no spraying. nine0003

      Bulb forcing

      This method is suitable for flowers such as tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, crocuses, some types of lilies and others. When forcing bulbs, it should be noted that flowering in a warm room occurs after 5 weeks. Thus, in order to get flowering plants by the eighth of March, the bulbs should be planted at the end of January.

      By the time of planting, the first roots and a sprout 2.5-5 cm long should appear on the bulb. Before planting, the material is soaked in a fungicide solution and planted in a container with soil at a distance of 1.5-2 cm from each other. nine0003

      The soil must be moistened regularly, but must not be too wet. The room should not be too hot. The optimum temperature for forcing bulbs is 18 degrees.

      What conditions are needed for growing seedlings in January? And therefore, the organization of illumination becomes the main condition for early planting of seedlings.

      Incandescent lamps are not suitable for lighting seedlings, as they give little light and give off too much heat. In addition, this method of lighting is not economical. It is better to use daylight fluorescent lamps or phytolamps with a pink-violet glow spectrum. When seedlings have just emerged from the ground, the lamps are placed at a distance of 10 and 15 cm from the container. nine0003

      Good advice! To enhance the efficiency of lighting, you can use purchased or homemade reflectors.

      Tanks for seedlings

      Take care of the planting container. Plastic containers are best suited for these purposes. They are reusable and easy to wash and disinfect. If you are using separate pots for growing seedlings, it is convenient to have one large common tray for them.

      Plants that have a long taproot are best sown in peat cups to avoid later picking. The plant is then placed in the ground directly in these glasses, traumatizing the roots in this case is excluded. nine0003

      Peat tablets are also popular. They are ideal for germinating especially capricious seeds.


      The soil must be fertile and saturated in composition, have a uniform structure and good permeability. Clay should never be included in its composition. Today on sale you can find specialized soils for various vegetable and flower crops. You can also buy universal land intended for growing seedlings.


      Watering is carried out with settled or filtered water at room temperature. The soil should be moistened regularly, but moderately, so that the soil always remains slightly moist. At first, it is more convenient to do this from a spray bottle. When the seedlings grow up, they use a watering can with a divider for watering, or pour water directly into the pan. It is desirable that moisture does not fall on tender young sprouts.


      According to the temperature regime of cultivation, plants are divided into:

      • cold-resistant,
      • moderate
      • heat sensitive.

      Those crops that require lower temperatures should be placed closer to the glass, you can slightly open the window. For plants with moderate temperature requirements, normal room temperature will do. Heat-loving seedlings are placed near the battery, or a heater is installed nearby.

      It is easiest to maintain a constant temperature if a greenhouse is used.

      A decrease in temperature below the norm leads to a slowdown in the growth of seedlings, and their excess leads to stretching of the stems and shredding of leaves. nine0003

      Two or three weeks before planting in a permanent place, seedlings begin to harden, gradually accustoming to low temperatures. If the seedlings have grown strong and healthy, there will be no problems with rooting in the open field. Plants will quickly take root and will soon make it possible to enjoy the fruits of their labor.

      What to plant for seedlings in February?

      What to sow in January. Video

      What to plant in January for seedlings - 16 plants that can be sown now. nine0001

      The beginning of the summer season is not in the spring, when you need to dig up the beds and apply fertilizer, but in the winter. At this time, at home on the windowsill or in a heated greenhouse, it is recommended to grow crops with a long growing season. What to plant in January for seedlings? Everything that does not have time to ripen in a short summer. It can be flowers, vegetables and even berries.

      Of course, you can buy ready-made seedlings in the market. But homemade has several significant advantages.

      The first one is related to cost: seeds and soil with seedling containers will cost less than grown seedlings. Although, it will have to be illuminated, and this is an additional cost for electricity. nine0003

      The second is the opportunity to grow seedlings of exactly the variety that is needed. Moreover, it is difficult to guess the variety by the appearance of the acquired seedlings.

      Thirdly, it is possible to sufficiently harden seedlings grown at home. Such plants are more hardy and less likely to get sick.

      What to sow in January for seedlings? Flowers!

      They are sown so early in order to speed up flowering. Moreover, such an opportunity exists not only for annual crops, but also for perennials. nine0003

      Many flowers are suitable for planting in January. Experienced gardeners recommend stopping at 4-6 varieties. This will be enough for a beautiful flower bed and will not take up much space on the windowsills.

      1. Petunia. Her petunia seeds are best planted immediately in separate containers, such as peat tablets.
      2. Lobelia.
      3. Begonia. Prefers a mixture of leafy soil with sand and peat. Moreover, the latter must be taken in equal quantities, and the first is twice as much. During seed germination, it is recommended to cover the containers with glass or film. nine0014
      4. Carnation Shabo.
      5. Heliotrope. Its seeds are recommended to be placed in moist soil consisting of sand and peat. Like begonia, it should be covered before sprouting.
      6. Eustoma.
      7. Turkish carnation. It also applies to crops that are included in the list of what to plant in January for seedlings.
      8. Garden primrose.
      9. Bulb crops for distillation by March 8. Daffodils, hyacinths, tulips and crocuses can make charming spring bouquets. And later they can be transplanted to a flower bed for the ripening of the bulbs. nine0014


      What to plant in January? Vegetables!

      Bell pepper. More precisely, its mid-season and late varieties. They are supposed to be pickled first, and then germinated, or at least soaked. General containers for seedlings should not be higher than 5 cm. And after the appearance of two true leaves, dive peppers into already deeper pots.

      Tomatoes. Tomatoes are heat-loving plants and have a long growing season. In order to get an early harvest, they can be planted in January for seedlings. Then, by the time they are transplanted into the country greenhouse, strong seedlings will already have buds and flowers. nine0003

      Eggplant. This healthy and tasty vegetable is a must-have on your list of seedlings to plant in January. After all, eggplant seedlings, like peppers and tomatoes, should be well developed by May. Read about the timing of planting eggplant in 2017 here.

      Celery. Its growing season reaches 160 days. It will not be possible to grow it without seedlings in our climate. Output: sow in January. For this culture, it is required to prepare a mixture of universal soil and sand, and they are supposed to be taken in equal quantities. nine0003

      Leek and nigella. This crop will have to be remembered if there is a desire to get a crop of onions in one year.

      White and cauliflower. Naturally, we are talking about their late varieties of cabbage. Early ones can be sown a little later.

      What to sow in January? Strawberries!

      It is especially worth sowing remontant strawberry varieties in January. They grow well at home from seeds. As well as her relative: remontant strawberries. When sown in January, you can count on the fact that in July-August it will be possible to harvest the first crop from it. nine0003

      To grow strawberry seedlings at home, the seeds are supposed to be soaked and then slightly dried. Then, on the prepared soil, which consists of a mixture of universal soil with sand in a ratio of 1 to 1, evenly sprinkle the seeds.

      Here you should pay attention to the container for strawberry seedlings. It should not be deep - the maximum height of the walls is 3 cm. The container should be covered with glass or film for the first weeks of seedling development.

      Place the seedling container as close as possible to the heating radiator. Since for successful germination, a temperature of about 25 degrees Celsius is needed. Five days later, most of the seeds should germinate. After 14 days, the first true leaves will appear. This period does not require additional lighting. It is enough to put the seedlings on the windowsill. During the day, the glass can be removed, but put back at night. nine0003

      When March comes, strawberries should be dived, that is, planted in separate containers, the height of which will be no more than 5 cm. During this period, the time comes when the plants need good lighting. Since the seedlings form a horse system and leaves.

      At the end of April the culture can be transplanted back into deeper cups. This is especially required in a situation where cool weather is expected in May. And the transplant will be in June.

      In warm May, the placement of seedlings in the garden falls in the middle or end of the month. To maintain a comfortable temperature, it is recommended to cover the bed with a film at night. nine0003

      What seedlings are planted in January, February? What difficulties await?

      In the middle of winter the daylight hours are short and it is cold outside. There are temperature fluctuations in the room. This contributes to the high activity of fungi.

      This situation dictates the rule: there should be enough seedlings to fit compactly on the windowsill.

      Learn more