Easy rock garden designs
22 Rock Garden Ideas & How to Tips
Enhance your landscape with this low-maintenance solution. By Janet Loughrey, Garden Writer & Photographer
A rock garden can add height and depth to a flat area. Add a waterfall or other water feature to enhance the natural appearance. Designer: Philip Thornburg, Winterbloom Landscaping. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Adding a rock garden to your yard is a creative way to add depth and dimension to a flat or mundane space, or to introduce an element of surprise. The rugged appearance of rock adds earthy appeal, connecting a manmade landscape to the natural world.
Rocks can be used to define a slope, act as a substitute for a lawn, or become a solution to an area where little will grow. Different areas of the yard such as walkways and beds can be outlined or separated with an attractive arrangement of rocks, pebbles or gravel. A rock garden can range from a complex large-scale project with many aspects and layers, to something as simple as a small corner adorned with gravel and river stones. Even a container can become a miniature rock landscape.
Rock gardens are low-maintenance and lend year-round structure to the landscape. In order for your finished project to have cohesion, it should be well thought out and designed. Here are some basic principles to get you started, along with a list of recommended plants.
PLANNING A ROCK GARDEN
Think outside the box. Even a front yard can be the site of a rock garden, such as this entryway shown here. Designer: Philip Thornburg, Winterbloom Landscaping. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Choose and evaluate your site.
Where would a rock garden look best in your yard? Is the site in sun or shade? Will plants need regular water, or will it be a drought-tolerant landscape? Don’t be afraid to think outside the box. Even a front yard can have a rock garden.
Gather ideas by looking at photos of rock gardens on the internet and by visiting local gardens. Make an idea board or list with attributes you want to include.
Draw up a design.
Once you have some basic ideas, make a plan and draw a rough sketch. For a bigger project, you may want to consult with a landscape designer. Larger rocks are a challenge to lift and set in place, so it’s crucial to know ahead of time where you want them.
Use materials that are in scale with your home and yard. Big boulders can overwhelm a small space, while small stones will get lost in a sweeping landscape.
Choose a style.
Rough irregular rocks add rugged natural appeal, while smooth pebbles or clean white gravel lend a more formal appearance, such as with Japanese rock gardens and Zen rock gardens. Create a look that complements your home’s style as well as the rest of the yard.
Keep it natural.
Take a cue from Mother Nature by making the rock garden look like it belongs. This will make the design more visually pleasing and cohesive with the rest of the yard. Random groupings of stones will look more natural than placing them in neat rows or organized patterns. Incorporate a water feature or stepping stones to enhance the natural appeal.
HOW TO BUILD A ROCK GARDEN
Vary materials such as pebbles, gravel and stepping stones to make a more visually interesting landscape. Designers: Adriana Berry, Plant Passion Design. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Make a list.
In order to have the right materials on hand, make a list of what you need.
Peruse local garden centers, home improvement stores and specialty rock suppliers to see and compare materials before buying. For the budget-minded, Craigslist and Freecycle often have listings from people looking to get rid of rock materials. Consider rock quarries or natural areas that allow rockhounding.
Vary the rocks.
To create contrast and visual interest, vary the size and shape of the rocks. Use a mix of materials such as stones, pebbles and gravel.
Use a few well-placed larger rocks as primary focal points to anchor the space and install those first. Allow space between the rocks for plants to grow. Smaller complementary stones or gravel placed around the larger rocks will unify the design.
Keep color in mind.
Select larger rocks in lighter hues so the landscape doesn’t feel dark and heavy. Vary the color and tone of other materials to lend contrast and visual interest.
To keep the design from looking too busy, choose rocks with complementary colors and shapes. Lay out swaths of the same pebbles or gravel rather than mixing too many materials together.
HOW TO PLANT A ROCK GARDEN
This rock garden features plants that thrive in partial shade, including ferns, bleeding heart, hellebores and ‘Bowles Golden’ sedge (Carex). Designer: Philip Thornburg, Winterbloom Landscaping. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Create an environment that is hospitable to your chosen plants. Alpine plants and other drought-tolerant plants will need sandy soil with sharp drainage. Others, such as ferns and hostas, will need richer soil and more moisture.
Pick the right plants.
Choose plants that will thrive in your climate. Traditional rock gardens include varieties that are alpine in origin, as the conditions simulate their native habitat. Rock garden plants tend to be smaller to complement the scale of the rocks. Use perennials, ornamental grasses and small shrubs to add vertical height. Creeping groundcovers will soften the appearance of the hard rocks. Add sturdy bulbs such as narcissus, wild tulips and alliums for contrast. Incorporate evergreen dwarf and creeping conifers for year-round interest. For a shade garden, choose mosses, ferns and hostas.
Complement and contrast.
To lend cohesion, choose plants with harmonious or complementary colors to the rocks. Use a mix of plants with flowers and foliage interest and combine upright and creeping forms.
ROCK GARDEN PLANTS
|Sedums, succulents, creeping thyme, snow-in-summer (Cerastium), creeping phlox, gold alyssum (Aurinia), ice plant (Delosperma).
|Mosses, creeping Jenny, ajuga, deadnettle (Lamium), vinca, sweet woodruff.
|Sedges and other small ornamental grasses, dwarf conifers, dianthus, rockcress (Aubrieta), columbine, speedwell, lamb’s ear, bellflower (Campanula).
|Ferns, coral bells, hostas, hellebores, astilbe, lungwort, columbine, barrenroot (Epimedium).
|Species tulips, narcissus, crocus, squill, reticulated iris, alliums.
|Snowdrops, narcissus, muscari, squill, crocus, anemone, tuberous begonias, caladium.
MAINTAINING A ROCK GARDEN
Designer Burl Mostul, Villa Catalana. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Rocks absorb heat, especially in a sunny site, so plants can dry out quickly. Make sure plants receive adequate water, especially during hot spells.
Some plants such as alpines and succulents need little or no supplemental fertilizer, while others such as coral bells and hostas will benefit from a boost of nutrients. Research your plants needs and fertilize accordingly.
A layer of smaller rocks or gravel acts as a natural weed suppressant, helping to keep the landscape low-maintenance. Keep areas free from weeds so plants don’t get overwhelmed or deprived of water and nutrients. Eventually, plants should fill in enough to suppress most weeds.
Cut out dead growth and remove spent flowers to encourage new growth and keep a neat appearance.
ROCK GARDEN IDEAS
Keep rocks in scale with the yard. In this small space, rocks are stacked to create a sculptural water feature, while a single boulder placed strategically on the other side of the path helps balance the composition. Designers: Barbara Hilty and Adriana Berry. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
See more of this garden, including before/after photos and plants used. Photo by: Proven Winners.
Designer Burl Mostul, Villa Catalana. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Pick a style that matches your home and landscape. This Asian-style rock garden evokes a sense of calm and order. Designer: Helena Wagner, 4 Seasons Gardens. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Creeping groundcovers such as woolly thyme can be used to soften hard rock surfaces. Gardener: Karen Olberding. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Large scale rock garden or hillside terrace. Designer: Burl Mostul, Villa Catalana. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
Leave spaces between rocks for plants to grow. Gardener:: Karen Olberding. Photo: Janet Loughrey.
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25 Most Creative And Inspiring Rock Garden Landscaping Ideas
Cultivating a rock garden can add a beautiful element to your landscape. Mix in a variety of plants, shrubs, grasses, cacti, and succulents to enhance the beauty of your property. Rock gardens are low-maintenance. They are simple to attain, whether scavenged from the forest, beach, mountains, or desert or sourced from a local nursery. They add visual interest and variety to your yard.
Rock gardens are a hot trend in the gardening world, as they can infuse a modern element into any landscape design. Whether you are looking for an easy to care for landscape or you would just like to create a mini rock garden on your property, we have a fantastic collection of ideas for you below. Underneath each of the images, you will find further information and sources.
Tell us: How have you accentuated your garden? Which one of these rock garden ideas most inspired you and why in the Comments below!
1. Dry Creek Bed. In Bainbridge Island, Washington, Welsh quartz boulders define this rock garden. Smaller rocks and pebbles have been scattered to form the dry creek bed. A variety of shrubs and grasses adds color. (via Bliss Garden Design)
2. Pebbled Pathway. A gravel landscape path leads through a lush garden with large grey rocks defining the pathway. Instead of the traditional flagstone path, this an idyllic alternative for a more natural look. (via Fifth Season Landscape Design & Construction)
3. Create A Garden Retreat. Stacked flat stones create a wall on one side, while multiple sizes of rocks, pebbles, and gravel give dimension. Succulents and plants line either side of the dry stone creek bed, adding color. (via NC Designs)
4. River Bed With Boulder Accents. This is the most basic and easy form of rock gardens, made if you have some extra-large rocks surrounded by a variety of shrubs, grasses, ferns, and plants. Smaller pebbles are scattered around the plants as a filler. (via LDAW Landscape Architecture)
5. Hidden Pathway Bridge. Use pavers and rocks in your garden to create an inexpensive pathway in your backyard. Lush plants surround the garden to create a serene oasis. (via Richard Kramer – RKL Design)
6. Zen Rock Garden. A winding pathway of gravel is defined by rock walls containing raised gardens. Plants flow over the rock walls to create a lush tropical garden feel. The white flowers are Japanese Stewartia. The trees with the Camellia-like blooms with white petals and orange centers highlighting fresh green leaves are Japanese Stewartia. The foliage turns bronzy-purple in fall. Foliage turns bronzy-purple in fall. This deciduous tree is an all-season performer. (via Whitmores Landscaping)
7. Vibrant Succulent Garden. This beautiful succulent collection is in a garden in south San Luis Obispo County, California. Succulents do best in bright but indirect sunlight. Plant succulents in sandy soils that drain easily. Rocks and pebbles on your soil as a filler can greatly enhance the aesthetic appeal of your succulent plants. (via Gardens by Gabriel, Inc. )
8. River Rock Pathway. River rocks are used to highlight this hillside garden. Large boulders to define a wall around a paver patio. The combination of varying stone materials adds visual interest and texture. (via Paradise Restored Landscaping & Exterior Design)
9. Rock Water Feature. A small water feature is built into a berm with lush plantings on either side, creating a tropical feel. (via Extreme Exteriors)
10. Bubbling Boulder. Create a zen-like feel in your backyard with a water fountain surrounded by varying sizes of river rocks. When you add a water feature to your rock garden, be sure to take the time to make it look natural. (via Aden Landscaping)
11. Raised Bed Kitchen Garden. Use large stones to define raised beds filled with organic vegetables and herbs for an edible garden. Seasonal favorites in this garden include lettuce, kale, fennel, parsley, and thyme. (via Home & Garden Design, Inc)
12. Garden Defined By Pavers. This screened garden keeps out the animals while offering a colorful burst of flowers and herbs and vegetables. Stone pavers are used to define varying types of gardens while gravel is used for a pathway around the gardens. (via SURROUNDS Landscape Architecture + Construction)
13. Entry Stone Pathway. On this side yard of a Seattle residence, large stepping stones are accented by large river rocks. The plants are pittosporum shrub. (via Folia Horticultural + Design)
14. Interesting Rock/Plant Scaping. Use a mix of boulders, river rocks, and plants for visual interest. This low-water garden will require minimal care while adding a beautiful look to your outdoor garden. (via JPM Landscape and Design)
15. Rock Garden Design. Pavers are used to define this garden bed filled with colorful flowers and tall grasses. Pebbles are used as a filler instead of traditional mulch. A small rock water feature adds a zen-like element to this rock garden. (via Kennys Landscaping)
16. Desert Rock Garden. A home in Arizona features this low-maintenance rock garden, idyllic for desert landscaping. Native plantings add color and greenery against the hardscape. (via Pinterest)
17. Japanese Style Landscaping. A New Jersey home features this beautiful evergreen garden. A stone pathway is defined by wood steps. Large boulders and the use of varying heights of conifers adds visual appeal. (via Dabah Landscape Designs)
18. Succulent Rock Garden. River rocks and beach sand accent this vibrant succulent garden. If you don’t have a beach nearby, you can source the rocks from Lowe’s or Home Depot. (via HGTV)
19. Vibrant Rock Garden. In Corona, California, this dry stream bed can help to direct drainage during the rainy season. In the plant in the foreground, is the Salvia Chamedryoides. It has cobalt blue flowers, gray foliage, extremely tough, heat tolerant, and Hummingbirds love it! (via Jean Marsh Design)
20. Spilling Succulents Creek Bed. Create a spilled flower pot look using succulent rosettes. River rocks and pebbles are used to fill in around the succulents. Add some seashells as accents to this dry creek bed. (via Pinterest)
21. Xeriscaping Garden. Make the most of a mountain landscape with a xeric or dry garden. Drought-resistant xeric plantings such as native and ornamental grasses, perennials, shrubs, and evergreens will create interesting foliage and provide a low-care garden. An expansive patio with a fire feature is the perfect spot for enjoying summer evenings. The addition of large boulders creates an eye-catching aesthetic and can be used for additional seating! See the rest of this home here: Rustic-luxe home frames sweeping views of Colorado Rocky Mountains. (via Barrett Studio Architects)
22. Coastal Landscape. A small stone patio with a fire pit sits next to the shores of Puget Sound, Washington State. The stone walkway carefully ties the garden to the home across the street. This is a unique seaside, low-maintenance garden. Drought-resistant and salt-friendly plantings were used throughout. The purple flowering ground cover is Thymus serphyllum, Red Mother of Thyme. The clump grass is Helictotrichon sempervirens, Blue Oat Grass. (via Lankford Associates)
23. Charming New England Cottage. Stones can also be used in your garden as a stacked wall where plants can climb, creep, and spill over the wall. (via Gale Goff Architect)
24. A Traditional Cottage Garden. The gabion wall is custom constructed with sheets of steel wire and filled with rock. It retains the soil and plants on the uppers side of the wall. The decking is Ipe wood. (via Banyon Tree Design Studio)
25. Front Yard Rock Garden. This beautiful front yard features a rock border wall for a variety of low-growing alpine plantings. This includes Aubrieta’Royal Blue’, Phlox subulata, and Potentilla. Gypsophila franzii and Dianthus ‘Tiny Rubies’. Plantings grow between the rocks to help make the rock wall appear natural to the site and integrate well with the terrace garden. (via Better Homes & Gardens)
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100+ Best Ideas | Do-it-yourself Alpine hill (Photo)
Rock garden is a fairly new way of decorating and arranging a personal plot, which has come to us to replace the classic front gardens with flower beds and flower beds. Organizing this paradise of nature in your summer cottage will not be difficult even for a novice florist who has only basic knowledge in the field of landscape design and crop production in his arsenal. A multi-tiered planting of bright flowers among the stones, an artificial waterfall beautifully played with evergreen ornamental shrubs can be perfectly combined in one place, creating a complete image of the site. nine0003
We make an alpine hill in the country with our own hands
When you see this picturesque corner with your own eyes, it seems that such a creation can only be created by resorting to the services of expensive landscape designers with extensive professional experience in this field.
We hasten to dissuade you right away. Making such a flower decoration with your own hands is as simple a task as setting up a flower bed in front of your house in your own yard.
It is clear that in order to create a multi-level alpine slide with an impromptu waterfall, which requires large stones and other material, deeper knowledge and experience in the construction of such structures will be required. But it is quite possible to plan a small hill, consisting of one or two tiers, on your own, you just need to understand a little about the technology for creating such objects. nine0003
Important! Starting to develop the design of an alpine slide, it must be taken into account that the rock garden - first of all, imitates a rocky section of the mountains. Therefore, the main material for its creation should be natural raw stone and undersized shrubs that are in perfect harmony with each other in the wild.
A wonderful composition of stones and beautiful plants with different flowering times
Having your own pond in your yard is a dream of any summer resident
To create a large rock garden, you will need huge boulders
Characteristic features and varieties of alpine slides
From the school bench, we all remember that any mountain or hill, regardless of its size and height, has:
It is from these definitions that you should build on when developing your own alpine slide project.
Alpine slides can be made in several variations, which will externally repeat different parts of hilly and mountainous terrain. Given all these design features, there are several options for alpine slides. nine0003
- Rocky slope - has a characteristic rocky appearance, and consists mostly of stones, among which ornamental plants are only occasionally found.
- Mountain slope is a combined complex composition in which there are stones of various sizes. She is quite tall. For decoration, a variety of plants from the arsenal of undersized and creeping crops are used.
- Terraced slope - has a kind of ledges formed by retaining walls built at different heights. They differ in configuration and length. nine0028
- Hill of stones - this element of garden art is the most difficult to perform. It will be possible to recreate a living corner of the wild if you harmoniously combine large boulders with perennial undersized plants.
- Mountain hollow - a place where large and small stones, slightly protruding from the ground, are surrounded by various plants that bloom almost all year round.
- Gorge is an incredibly beautiful composition of stones and plants that looks very impressive. This design is the most complex. When creating, natural differences in the territory are taken into account. They pick up a hollow and picturesquely decorate the slopes with stones in combination with ground cover representatives of the flora. nine0028
- Czech rolling pin - features a complex layered design. It is a multi-stage hill of vertically laid flat stones, next to which there is a rich world of vegetation.
- Valley in the mountains - outwardly similar to a mountain hollow. It is constructed mainly from large stones, partially submerged in the ground. They are complemented by asymmetrically arranged ornamental plants that bloom profusely for a long time. nine0028
- Alpine lawn is the most original and very stylish stone composition, decorated with plants from the highlands. Assumes the presence of a fountain or waterfall.
Beautiful rock garden made of ordinary stones and plants
Rockery - a real rock garden made of ordinary stones
An original idea - to create a quiet corner among the stones with a natural landscape
Czech rolling pin - a great alternative to the classic alpine slide
How to make a rock garden in the country
Today, the alpine hill can be found in city squares, summer cottages, areas near social institutions and wealthy farmsteads. If you choose stones and various plants with taste, an atmosphere of tranquility and luxury is created in any, even the most modest summer cottage.
If you follow the competent technology of arranging an alpine hill, you can create such a kind of landscape element with your own hands. nine0003
Sometimes this is not the easiest process. It all depends on your tastes and preferences. But no matter what type of alpine slide you choose, it must be borne in mind that a worthy imitation of natural rocky areas should be obtained, in which stones are the dominant component. They are complemented by low creeping, as well as a variety of flowering plants. The concept of "hill" is defined by the general form, which is a hill.
Natural beauty from natural materials in the garden
To complement the image of the terrace, place a composition of stones and evergreens next to it.
Starting the creation of an object, first develop a detailed scheme, which is tied to the area, taking into account the existing landscape.
When drawing the diagram to scale, it will be easier later to determine the dimensions and calculate the number of stones that will be needed to create this object.
Alpine slide layout
Select a place, taking into account several criteria:
- Sufficient illumination;
- Absence of large buildings and trees nearby;
- Distance from other bright decorative elements - lush flower beds, artificial reservoirs;
- Protection against prevailing strong winds;
- Open location near the center of the property with good visibility.
Important! In the area allocated for the construction of an alpine slide, aquifers should not be located close to the surface. Too much moisture can harm plants. nine0003
- Having selected a site, transfer the developed scheme to it on a scale. Mark the general configuration with pegs and a cord. You can draw a border by pouring a path of chalk powder, ash or lime around the perimeter. After breaking down, they clean the site of debris, and dig a pit a little more than the allotted area.
- Next, remove the upper soil layer up to 40 cm, removing weed rhizomes in parallel. If the predominant soil on the site is heavy loam or clay, then a drainage cushion is arranged, for which slag, gravel, gravel are used. Suitable construction waste, pieces of brick, limestone. Drainage is necessary to protect the roots from rotting. It will not allow waterlogging, will provide the necessary aeration. The minimum drainage layer is 30 cm.
- If there are different types of material, then you need to pour them in layers, for example, crushed stone, pebbles, and then sand. Water the drainage with water and tamp.
- The soil that was taken out in the process of digging a pit is cleared of rhizomes, debris, stones. To it is added in equal volumes: wood chips, sand, dry peat, crushed pine bark, humus . After mixing, lay on top of the drainage layer. Leave the site for 3 weeks to allow the soil to settle. nine0028
Scheme of a simple alpine hill for a summer residence
Selection of stones for an alpine hill
The creation of an original image of an alpine hill depends on the competent selection of stones. It is recommended to use stony rocks that do not harm the environment due to the content of heavy metals and do not oxidize the soil.
The harmony of stone scree will be betrayed by the same type of stones, having different configurations and sizes. Organically look rocks that have acquired an irregular shape under the influence of water and wind. nine0003
Limestone, noble, granite, sandstone are most often used for alpine slides. You can use travertine, reminiscent of marble, forest boulder, basalt, dolomite. A good option is serpentinite, quartz, jasper.
Properly selected stones make a very beautiful rock garden
In the neighborhood of stones, unpretentious plants that require a minimum amount of moisture feel good
An artificial stream can be laid out with stones, near which beautiful flowers, such as tulips, are planted
It is impossible to make a beautiful alpine slide on a site without stones. To find worthy specimens, it is advisable to contact the nearest quarry. When transporting, it is taken into account that the weight of the stone can vary from 15 to 100 kg. Natural cobblestones have an interesting structure, among which there are stones with a heterogeneous surface structure, which have grooves, various interesting inclusions.
Porous rocks such as tuff, shell rock are not recommended, as they absorb moisture and quickly deteriorate. The color scheme of the stones and their shape play a role. Less commonly used specimens with a rounded shape. And also boulders with a lot of sharp edges are not recommended. nine0003
After the foundation has set, the most important stage begins - laying stones. It is carried out according to a predetermined plan.
- At the first stage, it is required to lay out the perimeter of the base from the most massive stones. For reliability, they are buried in the ground by almost 60%. This will then allow you to place smaller specimens so that they will not budge under the influence of even heavy rains.
- Referring to the diagram, leave gaps where vegetation will be placed later. Soil is laid on each layer, which is then compacted and watered. The top of the hill is the most colorful conical boulder. nine0028
- In the process of placing the stones, constant control is carried out to ensure an aesthetic view from all sides. It is necessary to place cobblestones with defects in the inner layers of the structure, leaving the most advantageous specimens in terms of color and shape in the visible areas.
It is recommended to avoid excessive artificiality and smoothness of the created structure. In alpine slides, naturalness is valued with a pronounced chaotic arrangement of stone blocks and small debris. nine0003
Laying stones for an alpine slide
The finished structure is evaluated in terms of acquiring integrity, visually perceived at any distance as a harmonious natural object. Having finished laying, they leave the hill for three weeks, so that the stones are finally fixed in their places.
Beautifully selected decorative flowers for the rock garden
Rock garden made of large stones
Bright flowers will refresh the alpine hill and dilute the overall picture of the backyard landscape
Having a beautiful and harmonious landscape design in your country house is the dream of every housewife
Selection criteria for plants
The choice of vegetation is determined by the specifics of the variety of the created alpine hill. This activity is carried out at the stage of developing a general scheme after studying the photographs and descriptions of the created objects.
First of all, a predictable color palette is applied to the scheme, according to which seeds or seedlings of plants belonging to several groups are purchased. If the rocky hill is located in a sunny place, then drought-resistant plant varieties are selected for planting. nine0003
Many variants of the Alpine slide include miniature trees and shrubs, as well as various flower crops and perennial herbs.
Coniferous plants bring solemnity and elegance to the decoration. Among their assortment, undersized varieties are selected.
- Dwarf Spruce - Valued for good tolerance to dry seasons.
- Thuja - attracts attention with a beautiful crown, which acquires a reddish tint under the sun's rays. nine0028
- Juniper - has a juicy green, cone-shaped compact shape. Differs in unpretentiousness to environment conditions.
- Cypress - exhibits high resistance to frost. Decorates any landscape with a crown, the top of which has a golden color, and the base is painted dark green.
Low-growing plants are often used to decorate a personal plot
A beautiful garden in a picturesque place
From hardwoods, varieties are chosen that do not shed their foliage for a long time.
- Horizontal cotoneaster — has a dense crown, which by autumn changes from green to reddish.
- Iberis - this shrub is attractive in all periods. Its charming flowers are pink, white, purple.
- Dryad is a miniature shrub covered with large white inflorescences from mid-summer. In autumn, fruits appear that resemble fluffy balls. nine0028
Pebbles with plants look especially beautiful
As experienced summer residents say, there are never too many green plants in the garden
Flowers for an alpine hill
Flowers for an alpine hill are selected from an assortment of creeping low plants. Preference is given to perennial varieties. The following varieties are recommended.
- Carnation short stem is an unpretentious plant with abundant flowering, preferring sunny places. nine0028
- Borachok rocky - the leaves of this perennial retain their green color even in the winter season.
- Young - the leaves of this perennial plant have a variety of colors - silver, green, pink, yellow, burgundy.
- Saxifrage is one of the traditional plants for alpine slides. Its flowering continues throughout the summer season. Flowers are pink, white or yellow in color.
Lavender, geranium, backache, sedum, fescue also look great among stones. Harmoniously combining these plants on the site, you can create a real masterpiece. nine0003
Flowers not only decorate your garden, but also fill it with a wonderful aroma.
Bulbous flowering plants, which are placed in small groups, miraculously set off the natural restraint of stones. These include hyacinth, crocus, tulip, hazel grouse. These plants bloom in spring. Thanks to their bright buds, the colorful rock garden immediately acquires a presentable picturesque look.
When selecting perennial flowering species, it must be taken into account that they must have different flowering periods. This will allow the alpine slide to look like a bright original object for a long period. The height of each type of vegetation is taken into account. nine0003
Low-growing varieties should not be shaded by taller varieties. Bright flower cultures are located closer to the front edge, providing a good viewing area.
A wonderful place to relax by the pond
For the arrangement of alpine slides, low shrubs - blueberries, lingonberries are often used. A good addition is drooping reed, bergenia, daylily. Herbaceous plants serve as a decorative background. They allow you to fill in the remaining voids after the early flowering plants have already withered. nine0003
Important! When planning where to place vegetation, consider that ground cover varieties will help prevent slope erosion. Therefore, they are selected for a place on the inclined surfaces of the hill.
Waterfall - will add even more beauty to landscape design
Trees and shrubs are planted first. The best option for their placement is a site near large stones, which are laid out along the edge of the hill. A fairly large distance is maintained by these plants. nine0003
When planting in the allotted place, a hole is dripped, suitable in size to the dimensions of the roots, at an angle. A seedling is installed, the roots are carefully straightened, the soil mixture is poured and carefully tamped.
Natural stone goes well with the entire color palette
Flower crops are then planted and lawn grass is sown. After planting, watering is carried out. Start pouring water from above. Draining, it impregnates the entire surface of the slide.
Important! nine0014 Delicate rosette flowers should not be placed next to ground cover crops. Bulbous plants are recommended to be planted in some kind of limiter, the role of which will be played by a bucket with a cut-out bottom or a large jar. This will allow these plants not to spread over large areas.
The irregular shape of the stones gives the composition a special charm.
Care of the alpine slide
In the first year, you should carefully inspect the alpine slide and, if necessary, add soil, which can be washed out after watering or rains. Also strengthen unstable stones. nine0087
Further care involves timely watering, pruning of dry buds, damaged leaves, broken stems. Top dressing is carried out about once a month.
Do not use nitrogen fertilizers, as this will cause a strong green growth. Also, when watering, it is necessary to ensure that the soil is not subjected to erosion. For these purposes, it is recommended to use a regular watering can.
Noticing the signs of diseases, immediately spray the plants with appropriate preparations, and also treat them from pests. nine0003
Low-growing and creeping plants are perfect for decorating an alpine hill.
An alpine hill perfectly harmonizes with various landscape design objects. It decorates the territory, makes it attractive and original. Brings the charm of the mountain landscape and serves as a place of rest after difficult everyday life.
what is it in landscape design by example, diagrams and photos
Alpine hill rock garden is a rocky hill decorated with plants and stones, the object is the main decorative element on the site. It creates the main focus on the territory; certain rules and design standards are taken into account in its arrangement. There are a large number of rock garden photo options in landscape design. nine0003
Alpine hill with a waterfall is a dream of many summer residents
Alpine hill is considered an excellent replacement for flower beds and flowerbeds, this approach provides zoning even a small space in the garden. Landscaping of this type will also make it possible to disguise embankments that are not intended for planting. Staying in a country house with a properly designed landscape design turns into a real pleasure.
Types of rock gardens by shape
- Types of rock gardens by shape
- Types of rock gardens by size
- Choosing the right place for rock garden
- Plants for rock garden
- Rockery and rock garden: what's the difference?
- Video: How to make a rock garden with your own hands
- Photo gallery: 50 ideas for creating a rock garden on your site
Types of rock gardens by size
Large, small alpine slides, mini-rock gardens are distinguished by size. When planning a design, the area of \u200b\u200bthe site, as well as its compatibility with other objects, play an important role. nine0003
Each gardener can create a piece of the real Alps on his plot
It is enough to study the theory and be patient
Large rock gardens fit well into large areas, look great against the background of sprawling trees nearby with large-scale buildings. Large stones are used in their arrangement.
- Small alpine hills, in turn, are combined with small houses, buildings, trees.
- A large rock garden differs from a small one only in size. nine0028
You can create a small alpine slide with your own hands in just a couple of hours, for this, improvised materials, crushed stone or small stones are suitable. The slide can be open and one-sided, in the latter case it is placed against the wall of the house, the fence.
A small rock garden made of rubble stone collected on our own site
A compact alpine slide made of beautiful stones of different colors
A mini rock garden is considered the easiest way to arrange an alpine slide. It is ideal for placement in a small area, as well as when there is no time to care for a large rock garden. The slide is placed in a container, dish, any other improvised containers are widely used. nine0003
Container rock garden can be placed both in the garden and in a city apartment
Rock garden can be installed near the porch or barbecue, along the road, on the loggia. It is easy to carry it to different places, the best place for installation is east or west.
The right choice of a place for a rock garden
The main criterion for choosing a place for a classic alpine slide is a site that is clearly visible from all sides. Preference is always given to planting light-loving plants, so the site should be as lit by the sun as possible. nine0003
For richer and more intense flowering, the slope of the hill should be oriented to the south side.
To create a rock garden, you need a large enough area so that the hill does not look bulky. “Unnatural” objects (lanterns, automated irrigation systems) should not be located nearby, which will avoid dissonance. Alpine slide can be located near the fences, from the edge of the lawn. This option allows you to create a contrast between a long object and a bright rock garden. nine0003
Plants for rock garden
Alpine mountain plants are used in the arrangement of rock gardens, colors do not matter. The choice of plants depends on individual preferences. The main requirement is a harmonious combination in the landscape.
For rock gardens, for the most part, low-growing plants are selected.
When planting crops, the growth rate of neighboring plants should be taken into account. In the arrangement of rock gardens, ground cover perennials, heather crops, conifers, ferns, small trees, perennials are in great demand. Drought-resistant grasses should be planted on the top tier. At the foot, it is necessary to plant shrubs, flowering species. nine0003
Undersized alyssum is perfect as a background. A flowering mat from this plant covers a hill for quite a long time
Armeria easily takes root on stony soils - a low perennial plant that can bloom from May to September
All plants should be undersized, large species should not be planted, as they will deprive the undersized ones , shadow them, disrupt the overall picture. Cover species are placed on the lower tier. They evenly fill the lower level, which during the flowering period is covered with small leaves. This category includes saxifrage, rezuha (arabis), young, stonecrop. nine0003
“Stone rose” (aka young) is ideal for decorating a rocky landscape. Numerous varieties of this plant allow you to create interesting compositions
Arabis is one of the best plants for rock gardens in a natural style. It is enough to plant one bush, which will grow very quickly in loose soil. The main difference is in the root system. Where cover plants will not grow, trailing plants will cover much more area than ground cover plants. The second difference between creeping flowers is their ability to braid large boulders and other landscape objects. Due to this feature, it is possible to make a truly unique design. When arranging rock gardens, eustoma, cinquefoil, euonymus, aster, junipers (horizontal, Blue Forest) are often used. nine0003
Euonymus with delicate green foliage looks great among gray stones
Coniferous plants are ideal for stony soils, mountain landscapes, they perfectly attract attention, their color does not matter. As an alternative, evergreen shrubs or trees, ornamental perennials are often used.
Evergreens should not obscure the composition of the rock garden itself, so they are tried to be planted along the edges0003
Tall flowers are also used in rock gardens. When choosing, preference should be given to crops that can grow in the sun and not in the most fertile soil. They should be long enough and beautiful. Most often, these flowers require special care. Due to the lack of soil, plants often need to be transplanted and fertilized. The category of tall includes wild rose, roses, peonies, lilies.
Small rock garden with beautifully blooming lilies
Compact alpine slide with roses and carnations
Low to medium plants used to create transitions between levels. They are used to fill the main space of the rock garden. Such cultures perform the function of borders, are used to place accents. This species includes fescue, lavender, primrose, blueberries, cloves, backache, poultry, bulbous plants.
Filling the rock garden with green spaces, it is important to maintain a balance between stones and plants
Rockery and rock garden: what's the difference?
Many do not understand what a rock garden is, how it differs from a rockery. When arranging a rockery, you should not be guided by soft, muted tones; an alpine slide provides for the creation of an eye-catching picture that attracts the eye even without bright vegetation.
Rock garden is an imitation of mountainous terrain created by artificial means
Rockery is essentially the same alpine slide, only flat
- The rock garden consists of real alpine plants, planting of which is not necessary to create a rockery.
- Alpine slide should be located on a hill, the surface for rockeries is always moderately flat, an abundance of flowers in this case can give the impression of bad taste.
- Rockeries are dominated by stones, rock gardens are dominated by plants.