What do i need to paint my living room

How to Paint a Room: 10 Steps to Painting Walls Like a DIY Pro

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Learn how to paint a room in your home or apartment with these easy DIY steps and brighten up any space in no time

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Learning how to paint a room properly is essential for beginning DIY’ers, new homeowners, and veteran home improvement experts alike. After all, it’s pretty painless, relatively inexpensive, and—should something go horribly wrong—easy to fix. But before you grab your roller and get started with your first coat, it’s essential to have a plan of attack. So we asked a handful of experts for their best painting tips and tricks to get you started. Read on to learn how to paint a room and see step-by-step what you’ll need to do to make sure your project is a success.

While San Francisco based designer Nicole Hollis may have turned heads for painting the exterior of her home jet black, we're prone to the moody blue she chose from Farrow & Ball for the bar.Douglas Friedman

1. Plan your approach

Start by thinking about how you want the finished project to look and remember that you’re not limited to four walls or an entire room in the same color. Consider painting an accent wall in a bold hue or highlighting moldings in a contrasting shade or finish. And don’t forget to look up and see whether the ceiling could use a refresh as well.

Alexander Gorlin used Parma Gray by Farrow & Ball on an accent wall in a New York apartment.

2. Choose your color

Browsing through fan decks and paint chips can be overwhelming. Start by figuring out the general color characteristics: Do you want a warm or cool shade? Neutral or saturated? If you have existing furniture or art, you’ll also want to consider how the shade will complement them. Once you have a sense of what you’re looking for, pick a few shades and get samples—lots of direct-to-consumer brands, like Backdrop and Clare, will send you adhesive swatches you can slap on the wall for a better sense of shade (and it’ll save you a trip to the store). Test the colors to see how they look in the room at different times of day.

Many paint companies also have tools on their websites that will let you upload a photo of your space and preview different colors on the walls. But colors can look different in real-world conditions, so you’ll still need to try it out in the space.

Test samples of your color choices in the room to see how they look in different lighting conditions.

Photo: Richard Drury/Getty Images

3. Pick out your tools and materials

Every project is unique and you may need different tools depending on the paint you choose and the condition of your walls, but there are a few must-haves:

Click here for a shopping list to order all the paint supplies you’ll need to get started—from sanding and priming to your very last touch-ups.

Gather all the essential tools before you start.

Photo: Anika Salsera/Getty Images

4. Determine how much paint you’ll need

Whether you’re painting a powder room or the exterior of your house, the general rule of thumb is one gallon per 400 square feet, says Carl Minchew, vice president of color innovation and design at Benjamin Moore. But that’s just a rough guideline: To get a more precise number, which you’ll definitely want for large projects, use a paint calculator like the ones provided by Benjamin Moore or Pratt & Lambert; they take into account window and door measurements. (And both assume two coats of paint per project.)

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Planning on whitewashing a charcoal gray wall? You’ll likely need additional paint when going from dark to light. On the other end of the spectrum, a deep color base tends to require more coats of paint than a lighter color, says Carolyn Noble, color marketing and design manager at Pratt & Lambert. She recommends applying a gray-tinted primer to the surface before you paint your walls a saturated color to help reduce the number of applications. When it comes to finish, you may have heard that the glossier it is, the higher the coverage rate, but it’s not enough of a difference to change the number of gallons you need to buy, Minchew says.

If you’re painting a highly textured surface rather than a smooth one, buy a little extra, says Julianne Simcox, Pratt & Lambert associate brand manager. Cabinets with complicated millwork require more paint, too; Minchew suggests purchasing about 10% more than calculated.

Calculate the correct amount of paint you’ll need to spare yourself trips back to the store and wasted paint.

Photo: Daniel Acker/Bloomberg/Getty Images

5. Prep the walls and the room

You don’t want to damage your favorite sofa or that heirloom Grandma gave you, so empty the room of all the furniture. If you don’t have enough space to relocate everything you own, push it all to the center of the room. Cover the pieces with a drop cloth or lightweight plastic sheeting and do the same with the floor, as well as any cabinetry or countertops that might be in danger of excess splatter. “Don’t skip the drop cloth—paint will splatter, we promise,” say New Jersey contractors—and cousins—John Colaneri and Anthony Carrino, the stars of the HGTV series Cousins Undercover and Kitchen Cousins as well as The Build Up and Grand Design on Ellen DeGeneres’s Ellentube.

Grab a roll of painter’s tape—the cousins recommend FrogTape—and firmly apply it to the edges of the room’s corners, base and crown moldings, and door and window casings, using a putty knife to seal if needed. “Getting a good seal so paint doesn’t get under the tape is everything, plus it will pull away clean after everything is dry,” Colaneri and Carrino say. If you dare (or have an artist’s steady hand), you can skip taping entirely. Remove light switch and outlet covers and apply painter’s tape to protect outlets and switches from paint drips. Before you get started, make sure you know how to repair drywall so you can clean up any nicks in the walls.

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Protect floors and furniture with drop cloths.

Photo: Patti McConville/Getty Images

6. Mix your paint

Use a wooden paint stick to stir the paint, and re-stir often throughout the project. Paint that isn’t stirred consistently can lead to the ingredients separating and you’ll risk compromising the true color you’re going for. If you’re using more than one gallon of paint, combine the cans in a large bucket in case there is a slight variation in color.

Mix your paint early and often.

Photo: Tetra Images/Getty Images

7. Pick your painting techniques

Your paint is mixed and your roller is at the ready, but make sure to plan a strategy before you get started. Work from the top of the room down, starting with the ceilings. Planning a bold focal wall? Paint the adjoining light-colored walls first. “Don’t worry if you get paint on what will be your accent wall—the dark paint will cover up whatever lighter paint found its way there. After the lighter wall dries, tape off that edge so the dark color doesn’t bleed onto your new paint,” Colaneri and Carrino advise. If you’re covering up dark walls with a brighter hue, plan on three coats: your primer, plus two coats of the new color to ensure nothing shows through.

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Tackle one wall at a time. Take a brush and “cut in”—paint along the molding and the corners from top to bottom—while your painting companion uses a roller to cover the main expanse of the wall, staying away from those more precise spots. When applying paint with the roller, use long strokes in a W pattern for ample coverage (and to avoid those pesky roller marks). Once the wall is dry to the touch, it’s ready for a second coat.

If you are painting the trim, remove the painter’s tape and wait for the walls to dry before applying tape to the walls. Start with the trim closest to the ceiling, move on to door and window frames, and, finally, the baseboards.

Start by cutting in near moldings and corners with a brush.

Photo: Banks Photos/Getty Images

8. Don’t forget ventilation

Watching paint dry is no fun. Make sure your space is well ventilated throughout the project by opening windows and using fans. “Keeping the room warm and a fan blowing definitely helps speed up the drying process,” the cousins say. “If it’s a damp day, it will take much longer for the paint to dry.”

Open a window or use a fan for ventilation.

Photo: Stephen Simpson/Getty Images

9. Clean up

You’ve done multiple coats, but it’s not time to relax just yet. Remove all the painter’s tape and gather drop cloths, making sure any spills or splatters are dry before you move them. For latex- and water-based paints, clean brushes with soapy water, though oil-based paints will require mineral spirits. You can use a painter’s brush to clean and reshape bristles. If you want to reuse roller covers, use the curved edge of a 5-in-1 tool to remove the excess paint under running water (they’re also useful for opening a paint can, removing nails, and scraping).

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Clean brushes with soap and water if you used latex- or water-based paints.

Photo: Ableimages/David Harrigan/Getty Images

10. Give yourself enough time

The amount of time your project will take depends on the size of your room, how you’re painting, and your skill level. For instance, using a dark shade on the walls and painting the ceiling and trim will take longer than just doing the walls in a neutral color. While some spaces can be done in a few hours, others may take several days. Be sure to budget more time than you think the job will need and don’t forget to take prep and cleanup into account.

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All the Supplies to Paint a Room You Need

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Tips & Techniques

by Julia Brenner

updated Oct 26, 2022

We independently select these products—if you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. All prices were accurate at the time of publishing.

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I’ve painted many rooms in my day (I’m a little bit of a painting junkie), and like so many other things, once you get the hang of the process, it’s really quite fun. Throw on some old clothes, kick out the jams, and after a few hours of good old physical labor, you’ll have a wonderfully transformed space. But you won’t get very far painting a room successfully if you don’t have the correct supplies!

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Want to try something new with your paint? Learn from Mark Chamberlain:


Mark Chamberlain: How To Paint Stripes and Patterns - Apartment Therapy Video

Supplies You Need to Paint a Room

I’ve found that getting my supplies in order makes a big difference when the time comes to start painting. Having all prep and paint supplies at the ready cuts down on frustration and helps the process move along more quickly. If you’re getting ready to start your own painting project, here’s a supply checklist that should cover everything you’ll need.

Prep Materials

Before getting to the fun part, it’s important to spend a few hours prepping your walls; patching holes, cleaning, and sanding are all important to achieving the best result.

Spackle & spatula – Use to patch any holes.
Metal paint scraper – Use to scrape off any peeling or cracking paint (if necessary) before sanding.
Fine grit sandpaper – Use to even out rough texture and smooth down any bumps.
Mild soap & water solution – Use to clean any dirt or grease off walls before priming.
Painter’s tape – Use to tape off borders so paint doesn’t bleed into areas you are not painting; also use painter’s tape to cover hardware and outlets. I really like Frog Tape, which I’ve found to work great to achieve clean edges.

Painting Supplies

Canvas tarp or plastic drop cloth – Use to protect floors and furniture (if furniture cannot be moved out of the general painting area). I’ve even used old newspapers in a pinch, but wouldn’t recommend if painting in a carpeted area.
Angled paint brush – Use to paint corners. Angled brushes help achieve clean edges without paint bleed, which can be tricky in corners if using a regular flat brush.
3-inch flat paint brush – Use for “cutting in”, which is the process of painting the border around the taped-off area.
Paint roller frame & roller covers – Use a roller for the majority of painting, since it’s a much faster method than a brush. If you’re painting a large room or a room with high ceilings, I would recommend using a painter’s pole, which you attach your roller to for extended reach.
* Note about roller covers: Make sure to choose an appropriate roller cover for your project. All covers are not made the same, as some are designed for smooth wall surfaces, others for stucco or brick, and yet others are designed for extra smooth surfaces like metal.
Paint tray – Use to hold smaller portions of paint as you work. Also useful to avoid dipping brushes directly into paint cans, which can contaminate paint with dust and dirt.

Primer – Primer is an undercoat applied before color. If you are painting over an existing color, primer covers existing color and creates a blank slate so the new color will go on evenly and require less coats. Primer also contains binding properties that allow paint to adhere more evenly, so you can achieve a much more polished result in a shorter amount of time. Many paint brands now have the option of having primer mixed into the paint color, which can be a time-saving option.
Interior Paint – Finally, the fun part! Beyond choosing the color, there are different types of paint and each type is suited for different purposes.

For those of you who are nervous about taking on interior painting, don’t be. It may not go perfectly the first time out, but in the words of Bob Ross, the man, the myth, the painter of so many happy little trees…just so, so many little trees: “There are no mistakes, just happy accidents”. Word. Now go paint some happy little walls!

What color to choose for the living room: design tips - Roomble.com

Design and Decor

2021-09-08T09:40:00+00:00 2021-09-08T10:11:00+00:00 What color to choose for the living room: design tips 2021-09-08T09:40:00+00:00 How to make a living room cozy with the right color? What is combined with this or that shade? How does lighting affect mood? We will find out all the details and choose the very living room in which it will be comfortable and joyful to be What color to choose for the living room: design tips nine0003

How to make a living room cozy with the right color? What is combined with this or that shade? How does lighting affect mood? We will find out all the details and choose the very living room in which it will be comfortable and joyful to be

The living room is the main room in the house. The color scheme in which you decorate this room can ruin your life, or it can guarantee a good mood and a desire to return home with pleasure, receive guests and proudly show them the fruits of your decorating labors. nine0003

But first you need to understand what shade you prefer to make in your living room. Moreover, it is far from always the main one - this is the color of which there is a lot. Even a bright accent, skillfully placed against a calm background, can dominate. And in the ability to find this balance, your own good taste - and you should have it if you regularly read our articles - and design advice will help you find this balance.

Let's start with shades of white, of which there are a huge variety. Combining them in one interior, you can create a bright and airy room, while the living room will not look boring and monotonous. A lot of light, small bright accents emphasize the freshness and tenderness of the atmosphere. However, such a room can both cool you on a hot summer day and warm you on a winter evening - it all depends on accessories, lighting, a combination of primary and secondary tones. White is an excellent "partner" for almost any other color, which in this case should not be much. nine0003

Living room in green perfectly relaxes and soothes after a hard day. If you choose darker shades of green, take care of good lighting. There is not enough natural light - make additional artificial lighting scenarios. The gloominess of a swamp shade is not the most cheerful decor option.

In a green living room, wooden objects, copper lamps, yellow curtains will be appropriate. All at once or separately - choose together with the designer.

Inga Azhgirey, designer:

— To begin with, I would recommend paying attention to the illumination of the room (the sun is in the morning or evening here, or maybe it illuminates the room all day), also note which side of the world it faces. In a sunnier room, you can choose cooler shades.

If we are talking about the living room, it is also important to understand whether this is a living room for a large family or for 1-2 people. If there is more often a large family in it, then I personally always see the living room as lighter, honey, greenish (complex, but soft colors). This background is good for family photos, paintings, etc. In my memories, it will be a warm, cozy living room, conducive to relaxation, reading after work, and cozy communication. nine0003

If the living room is designed for 1-2 people, then I would prefer more saturated, dynamic colors. Some accent bright wall is possible.


A yellow living room always looks warm and sunny. This is a great choice for a room with little natural light. And if your living room is flooded with sun for most of the day, it will only emphasize the richness of the golden hues.

No need to overload the yellow living room with bright accessories. It is better to prefer light, beige or ivory furniture, light brown and greenish touches and details. nine0003

You have to be very careful with red. The desire to be original can turn a room into an aggressively bright space, where it will be uncomfortable for you and your guests. However, the guests will praise and leave, and you still have to live in all this.

Red, of course, warms, but even for large rooms it is acceptable within reasonable limits. It is better to “damp out” its activity with white or light gray shades of carpet, furniture, decor items, curtains.

It is believed that the color blue is chosen as the decoration of the living room by melancholic or large originals. Meanwhile, the blue range is very popular among designers this year. Most often, the decor uses a white and blue combination with red and black accents, which help to avoid excessive contrast and lifeless coldness. Yellow and orange accessories and parts are also acceptable. nine0003

Asya Bondareva, designer:

— There can be absolutely any color for the living room, I prefer to start from the chosen concept, it is it that gives a reasonable approach to choosing a color scheme. If, for example, our concept sounds like “the positive of the 60s”, then the color scheme is immediately born: blue, yellow, orange, turquoise, a lot of white, glossy.


Purple in the interior is a sign of a creative personality. This is undeniable. But keep in mind that the purple color balances between a warm red spectrum and a cold blue. In many ways, balance can be maintained thanks to the right lighting, both natural and additional artificial. Amateurish experiments with purple can spoil a great idea, so be sure to ask the designer for advice. nine0003

Shades of white, beige, grey, coffee and indigo are violet's friends. But in any friendship, a measure is good.

Black living room is not always gloomy, but always very stylish, extravagant, intelligent. Of course, it is not easy to decide on such an environment and design. But rest in such a room will allow the owner to relax, immerse himself in thoughts, distract from the brightness of the outside world. The combination of black and white is an eternal classic, it is always modern.

Chrome-plated fittings, silver accessories and glossy or matt surfaces create a harmonious stylistic composition. A couple of bright accessories will give a noticeable liveliness to such an interior, which will not interfere with you in case of an attack of melancholy. nine0003

Inga Azhgirey, designer:

— It is necessary to determine the cardinal directions in the room, with the main and additional, artificial lighting. The whole family gathers in the living room, friends come here. It is important that everyone feels comfortable here. Let the choice of color for the living room become a common family decision.

We need to consider whether we want to highlight some wall with color or make the color of the wall a background for paintings, family archives, and so on. It is also good to focus on the amount of time when the sun looks into the living room, the morning is mainly hours, daytime or evening. In the "southern" room, cooler shades are appropriate, in the "northern" - warmer. However, if in the "southern" room the sunlight in the window covers a tree or a house opposite, warm shades will be preferred. nine0003


Chocolate shades just scream - give us light! Lots of light! In a room with poor lighting, shades of cocoa, chocolate, coffee with milk will lose their tenderness and charm - dusk is contraindicated for them. But the possibilities for combining with other colors are almost endless. But gold looks especially luxurious against the background of brown. Good gray, beige, white, pastel green.

Brown shades bring noble notes, give peace and relaxation. A family evening in such a living room is very close, believe me! But you need to choose this color scheme very carefully - too dark brown can greatly "reduce" the space. nine0003

Inga Azhgirey, designer:

— I believe that the color and its saturation in the living room, as in other rooms, also depends on the composition of the family. For a large family, for “warm” communication, calm, clear, soft tones are good. Then the room in your feelings will be cozy, "home". And this does not interfere with the accent decor.

When choosing colors “on a fan”, you need to understand that when transferred even to panels with samples, the colors will no longer be the same as on the “fan” - they can be warmer, colder, pinker, and so on. Therefore, I recommend choosing initially more “complex” and “closed” colors for coloring. They, of course, also have the potential to look darker. In a room, I always paint on both the light and shadow walls, and in the niche - this allows you to immediately see the behavior of the color in different parts of the room. And also I look at the color in the morning and in the evening. nine0003


Coral is a color beyond time and season. He is so beautiful that they want to admire endlessly. Framing windows with coral curtains seems to enhance the brightness of sunlight and expand the boundaries of the room. Armchairs with coral upholstery are regally good! Pillows covered with textiles in this color decorate the interior of the living room with bright spots.

The combination of coral with brown and coffee shades looks perfect. A little greenery does not hurt - in general, it turns out very harmonious and cozy. nine0003

And finally - simply unrealistically beautiful interiors! This is the famous tiffany color, which not everyone dares to use because of its saturation and exactingness to pastel "partners". If you figured out that a tiffany color living room is exactly what you want, think about how the rest of your house or apartment will look like. Pastel colors are preferred in all other rooms.

But before making a decision, ask yourself: what do you want from the new interior? How many people and how often will gather in your living room? How will it look at different times of the day or in different seasons? And in general, what do you want to find a highlight that will make your living room stylish, cozy and unique? nine0003

Asya Bondareva, designer:

— Talking about the choice of color in an abstract way, without tying it to any future interior story, is dangerous - then you can slide into uncertainty in the choice and into disagreements, because there is no starting point for fantasy. Therefore, I advise everyone: before you start thinking about color, first come up with an idea, and images and colors will come with it.




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what designers choose for the hallway, kitchen, living room, bedroom and bathroom

Both paint and wallpaper are popular, affordable and time-tested finishing materials for interiors. But how to still make a choice in favor of one of them - we learned from the designers. nine0003

Publication date: 08/06/2021

Material prepared: Olga Songe

Today, both wallpaper and paint are used in absolutely any room - from the kitchen to the bathroom. And yet, designers have their own preferences regarding interior decoration. What - we tell in this article. nine0003

Entrance hall

Natalya Samoilova: “First of all, start from the style of your interior”

Architect, designer Natalya Samoilova.

“The walls in the hallway are always subject to a lot of negative influences and are one of the most vulnerable places in the apartment. Moisture, drops of dirt get on them, guests lean when putting on shoes, or a child can strike a toy. If you do not want to do repairs every year, you should not make mistakes with the wall covering material. nine0003

First of all, consider the style of your interior. Each material has its pros and cons. Let's start with paint. Wall painting is one of the most economical and practical materials. For the walls of the hallway, latex, silicate, silicone and acrylic paints are suitable - the surface can be washed. And the number of shades just can not be counted. Of the minuses - the walls require professional training and must be perfectly smooth.

Wallpaper is also actively used in hallways. Of course, paper wallpaper for the room is not suitable. I advise you to pay attention to vinyl, non-woven wallpaper. The assortment is now so wide that it will help to satisfy the taste of any designer and a simple layman. nine0003


Maria Filshtinskaya: “If we consider the kitchen as a separate space, in my opinion, it is better to rely on paint”

or part of a common space that combines the kitchen, dining room and living room? If we consider the kitchen as a separate space, in my opinion, it is better to rely on paint. The paint looks easy, does not overload the functional purpose of the room, is also practical to maintain and is easily restored. nine0003

But even so, the decision to paint the walls in the kitchen does not limit you from using decorating techniques that can beautify this area and elevate its status in line with the entire interior of the house. It can be artistic wall painting, wood panels, aged boards, stucco, plaster panels - there are a lot of options!

Fragment of the interior. Project author: Maria Filshtinskaya.

But if your kitchen is combined with a living area in which you decide to use wallpaper on the walls, it is better to stick to the same wall covering in the kitchen area so that the space is holistic and harmonious!” nine0003

Living room

Elena Bogdan: “For the living room, I prefer to use paint in combination with other finishing materials”

“When choosing the living room wall decoration, I take into account many factors. And, above all, I always communicate with the customer. The decision “paint or wallpaper” depends on the preferred style of the interior, the age of the customers, the pace of life, the presence of small children and even animals ... But mostly for the living room, I prefer to use paint in combination with other finishing materials. It's a blank canvas waiting for us to start painting the "picture". nine0003

A fragment of a living room. Project author: Elena Bogdan. Photo: Kristina Nikishina. Style: Kristina Kondratieva.

The tone of paint can easily highlight the furniture, place accents, create a mood, emphasize the advantages of the room or, conversely, hide the flaws. The paint looks light and fresh. And if you want to change something, the walls can be easily repainted. And if we are talking about a modern classic interior with boiserie panels or their imitation, then paint is a matter of course. With decorative moldings we create a composition on the walls and finish with paint. nine0003

A fragment of a living room. Project author: Elena Bogdan. Photo: Kristina Nikishina. Style: Kristina Kondratieva.

In addition, the paint that we use in projects is economically feasible: it has a high hiding power, environmental friendliness, will last for many years, and is easy to clean and restore. Even if trouble happened and the paint was scratched, you can simply repair the damaged area with a small spot. With wallpaper in this regard, it is much more difficult - you have to re-paste the entire wall or even the room. nine0003


Anna Makaykina: “In my opinion, wallpaper is more suitable for creating a cozy atmosphere in the bedroom”

“In my opinion, wallpaper is more suitable for creating a cozy atmosphere in the bedroom. Textiles are especially good. One of their great advantages is additional sound insulation. And the preparation of the surface of the walls is simpler compared to paint: additional finishing putty is not required.

I like “seamless” textile wallpapers: the roll is 3 meters wide and is glued around the perimeter of the room. Installation is easy and straightforward and only one seam is obtained: holes for windows and doors are cut out after installation is completed. Another advantage is their huge number of textures. I like to use silk: they give a special aristocracy to the space. nine0003

Several manufacturers make textile panels according to the author's sketch, I often use them in my projects to create accent elements. If you want to create a more brutal atmosphere, I rely on felt wallpaper. But linen wallpapers are the most environmentally friendly and light, suitable for almost any bedroom.”


Natalia Suslina: “Nothing prevents you from choosing wallpaper for wall decoration in the bathroom”

“Paint is often used in small bathrooms or in complex-shaped bathrooms. In other cases, nothing prevents you from choosing wallpaper for wall decoration in the bathroom. For example, wallpaper-panels. They are best used for a wall that is clearly visible from different points inside the bathroom: it is a bright accent and design element. It is also important that you do not plan to place a large number of bath accessories, shelf hooks and so on on this wall. nine0003

If the bathroom is small, then it is better to rely on wallpaper with a small pattern or smooth. And one more useful tip: in the area of ​​direct water ingress, it is better to use special glass or fiber wallpaper - they will last longer.

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